Updated: Jun 25
As mentioned in my previous post: "Is My Child Prepared for 1st Grade?" Kindergarten is a vital stepping stone to 1st grade, as well as the rest of elementary school and beyond. Sometimes certain things get missed or passed over, especially when a child has a challenge or disability. So, here are a few of the main topics I think children should have a decent foundation in before walking through those 2nd grade doors.
Reading & Reading Comprehension
"wh" questions: Children should be able to answer questions about a text read at their independent reading level asking: who, what, when, where, how.
Retell: Children should be able to read a story and give a short summary about what they read (i.e: main idea, 2-3 details, conclusion, etc)
Point of View: Children should be able to tell the difference between first and third person.
Independently write about a single topic: Children should be able to read a story at their independent reading level and write a short paragraph about the topic.
Grammar: Children entering second grade should know how to correctly use punctuation in a sentence (i.e: capital letters, periods, exclamation and question marks etc)
Addition/Subtraction within 20
Independently count to 120
Place Value: tens and ones place
Telling Time: Children at this age should be able to tell time to the hour and half hour on an analog clock.
Word Problems: Children should be able to read and solve a one step word problem involving addition or subtraction within 20.
Money: Children should be able to identify the names of coins and their amounts. (i.e: dime-10 cents, nickel-5 cents, penny-1 cent, etc)
These are just the main topics that I think children entering 2nd grade should have a good grasp on if they want to be successful and not fall behind. However, as I continue to say, children learn at different paces and in different ways, and many have specific learning disabilities which can make learning more of a challenge. Always know that getting a little extra help is never a negative thing. Giving your child the support they need can only ever be positive and help them in the long run.
For a longer, more extensive list, check out this website!
As always, if you or someone you know has a child that needs a little extra support, especially before the start of the next school year, please do not hesitate to reach out! A small group for children entering 2nd grade is June 26-30, one hour each day for the week.